Have you ever wondered how bees make honey?
The worker bees will land inside or close to the flower and suck the nectar out using her proboscis (tongue) and collect in it a little sac called a crop or other wise known as a honey stomach.
When her nectar sac is full, the honeybee will return to the hive. The worker bee will then pass the nectar to a hive bee by regurgitating the liquid into the hive bees mouth.
The worker bee will fly off and continue to collect nectar again whilst the hive bee deposits the nectar into a honeycomb.
Initially the honey stored in the cells is still a bit wet, so the bees fan their wings over it, which helps the water to evaporate. After some time, the water content is reduced to around 17%.
When most of the water has evaporated from the honeycomb, the bee seals the comb with a secretion of liquid from its abdomen, which eventually hardens into beeswax. This process is a little bit like putting a lid on a jar.
During one bees lifetime, it will only make around 1/12th of a teaspoon of honey. To make a whole pound of honey, the worker bees need to fly 50,000 miles and visit about 2 million flowers.
So the next time you have a trickle of honey over your porridge or over your pancakes, appreciate all the hard work bees have put into making it.